APA stands for the American Psychological Association. The APA citation style is used most often in the social sciences, including psychology, sociology, and education.
Citations allow someone reading a paper to find what sources the writer used. It's important to include them in your papers to avoid plagiarism, to give credit to others for their ideas, and to show where you found your information.
These citations will show you how to piece together the elements of an APA reference. Your references page should be inserted at the end of your paper and include the full citation for every source you cited in your paper, in alphabetical order and with a .5" hanging indent (see below).
For more in-depth help, see the Excelsior OWL page on APA references, or ask a librarian.
To create a hanging indent in Microsoft Word, click and hold on the bottom triangle at the far left of the ruler.
Then drag it to the half-inch mark and release it.
In-text citations, or parenthetical citations, must be included in the main text of your paper. Insert a citation immediately after any information you take from another source.
APA in-text citations require the author's last name and the year of publication. The page number is also required for direct quotes.
For more information, see the Excelsior OWL's section on APA in-text citations.
Citation managers are software that help you keep track of your citations. They allow you to organize your citations, store the full text, and insert citations in your papers.
Reed Library offers the use of EndNote.
Daniel A. Reed Library • The State University of New York at Fredonia • 280 Central Ave., Fredonia, NY 14063 • 716-673-3184 • Fax: 716-673-3185 • firstname.lastname@example.org